The EU definition for recycling taken from the EC Waste Framework Directive: "Recycling means any recovery operations by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances whether for the original or other purpose.” With respect to paper recycling, this can mean the ability to recycle paper into a new paper of the same type or into a different, type of paper or paper product. The typical definition of recyclability in most eco-label requirements is that the paper product should be able to be re-pulped into individual fibers without significant fiber bundles and foreign material.
Deinking is a process step sometimes used in recycling papers. The deinkability of papers is a reference term and a measure of how effectively ink can be removed from paper for recycling in a deinking process. Deinkability performance can vary greatly depending on ink type, paper type and processing conditions.